What do Joseph and the Maccabees (a) have in common and (b) have to teach us about Jewish identity in the modern age? This source sheet brings selections from the apocryphal stories of Joseph and his wife Aesnath as well as the tales of the Maccabees which reflect different approaches to Jewish identity and relations with non-Jewish neighbors. It also includes two later sources on what Jewish identity meant to two Jewish women in modern Germany. What do all of these texts teach us about Jewish identity in a non-Jewish world? Look at the discussion questions at the bottom of the sheet for further direction on how to think about these texts.
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